Friday, December 20, 2019

Washington Cannabis Labels Just Got a Bit Simpler

The Washington State Liquor & Cannabis Board (LCB) released updates to the rules governing Cannabis labeling in December. The new rules are effective January 1st, 2020.

a_2019_washington_state_cannabis_label
A 2019 Washington State Cannabis Label; Several changes directed by LCB will take effect January 1, 2020.
Of note to Washington consumers are changes which include that Producers and Processors (Pro’s) may simply list Total THC and Total CBD. No longer will Pro’s be required to list all of the confusing quantities previously required, such as the individual quantities of THCA, THC, CBDA, CBD, and Total Cannabinoids. Pro’s will still have the right to list Total Cannabinoids, but it is not required.

Amended sections of the LBC’s release are shown in the appendix at the bottom of this article.
Click this link to view the new WSLCB rules WSR-20-01-72
https://lcb.wa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/rules/2019%20Proposed%20Rules/WSR_20-01-172.pdf

Consumers may note that Harvest Date is not included in the new requirements. Instead, lot numbers for tracking within the state’s traceability system must be shown. As this conceals the age of cannabis which may not be smelled before purchase, LCB may find itself examining the rules again very soon.

Until a solution in found, Seattle Bliss will at the very least provide harvest dates for every sample reviewed. It should also be noted that Producers and Processors should include Harvest Date on the label. Not including harvest date appears to be concealing information the consumer wants.

How do you feel about it? Would you prefer to know how old your cannabis is?
*****

Appendix of Requirements

The following section quotes only the new LCB labeling requirements. These are the things which must be included on the label. The complete release also includes language in regard to restrictions, which are outside the scope of this article.

Marijuana Concentrates

(e) Marijuana concentrate labels must clearly and visibly provide all of the following information:
(i) The business or trade name and the nine digit Washington state unified business identifier (UBI) number of the marijuana producer and processor;
(ii) The lot number of the product (the unique identifier number generated by the board's traceability system). This must be the same number that appears on the transport manifest;
(iii) The net weight in ounces and grams or volume as applicable;
(iv) Total THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) meaning the concentration of THC and THCA, total CBD (cannabidiol) meaning the concentration of CBDA and CBD, using the formulas referenced in WAC 314-55-102;
(v) Medically and scientifically accurate and reliable information about the health and safety risks posed by marijuana use;
(vi) If solvents were used to create concentrate or extract, a statement that discloses the type of extraction method, including in solvents or gases used to create the concentrate; and
(vii) A complete list of any other chemicals, compounds, additives, thickening agents, terpenes, or other substances used to produce or added to the concentrate or extract at any point during production. A copy of the complete list of chemicals, compounds, additives, thickening agents, terpenes, or other substances must be kept and maintained at the facility in which the marijuana concentrates are processed.

Edibles, Solid Form

(f) Labels for marijuana edibles in solid form must clearly and visibly provide all of the following information:
(i) The business or trade name and the nine digit Washington state unified business identifier (UBI) number of the licensees that produced and processed the marijuana or marijuana products;
(ii) The lot number of the product (the unique identifier number generated by the board's traceability system). This must be the same number that appears on the transport manifest;
(iii) The serving size and the number of servings contained within the unit. If more than one serving is in a package, the label must
prominently display the serving size, the number of servings in the package and the amount of product per serving;
(iv) Net weight in ounces and grams or volume as applicable;
(v) Total THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) meaning the concentration of THC and THCA, total CBD (cannabidiol) meaning the concentration of CBDA and CBD, using the formulas referenced in WAC 314-55-102;
(vi) Medically and scientifically accurate and reliable information about the health and safety risks posed by marijuana use;
(vii) A list of ingredients in descending order of predominance by weight or volume as applicable and a list of major food allergens as defined in the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004;
(viii) If solvents were used, a statement that discloses the type of extraction method, including any solvents, gases, or other chemicals or compounds used to produce or that were added to the extract.

Edibles, Liquid Form

(e) Labels for marijuana edibles in liquid form must clearly and visibly provide all of the following information:
(i) The business or trade name and the nine digit Washington state unified business identifier (UBI) number of the licensees that produced and processed the marijuana or marijuana products;
(ii) The lot number of the product (the unique identifier number generated by the board's traceability system). This must be the same number that appears on the transport manifest;
(iii) The serving size and the number of servings contained within the unit. If more than one serving is in a package, the label must prominently display the serving size, the number of servings in the package and the amount of product per serving;
(iv) Net weight in ounces and grams or volume as applicable;
(v) Total THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) meaning the concentration of THC and THCA, total CBD (cannabidiol) meaning the concentration of CBDA and CBD, using the formulas referenced in WAC 314-55-102;
(vi) Medically and scientifically accurate and reliable information about the health and safety risks posed by marijuana use;
(vii) A list of all ingredients in descending order of predominance by weight or volume as applicable and a list of major food allergens as defined in the Food Allergen Labeling and Protections Act of 2004;
(viii) If solvents were used, a statement that discloses the type of extraction method, including any solvents, gases, or other chemicals or compounds used to produce or added to the extract.

Useable Marijuana

(d) Labels for useable marijuana must clearly and visibly provide all of the following information:
(i) The business or trade name and the nine digit Washington state unified business identifier (UBI) number of the licensees that produced and processed the marijuana or marijuana products;
(ii) The lot number of the product (the unique identifier number generated by the board's traceability system). This must be the same number that appears on the transport manifest;
(iii) Net weight in ounces and grams or volume as applicable;
(iv) Total THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) meaning the concentration of THC and THCA, total CBD (cannabidiol) meaning the concentration of CBDA and CBD, using the formulas referenced in WAC 314-55-102;
(v) Medically and scientifically accurate and reliable information about the health and safety risks posed by marijuana use.

Marijuana Mix

(d) Labels for marijuana mix must clearly and visibly provide all of the following information:
(i) The business or trade name and the nine digit Washington state unified business identifier (UBI) number of the licensees that produced and processed the marijuana or marijuana products;
(ii) The lot number of the product (the unique identifier number generated by the board's traceability system). This must be the same number that appears on the transport manifest;
(iii) Net weight in ounces and grams or volume as applicable;
(iv) Total THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) meaning the concentration of THC and THCA, total CBD (cannabidiol) meaning the concentration of CBDA and CBD, using the formulas referenced in WAC 314-55-102;
(v) Medically and scientifically accurate and reliable information about the health and safety risks posed by marijuana use;
(vi) If solvents were used, a statement that discloses the type of extraction method, including any solvents, gases, or other chemicals or compounds used to produce or added to the extract;
(vii) Any other chemicals or compounds used to produce or were added to the concentrate or extract.

Topicals

(d) Labels for marijuana topicals must clearly and visibly provide all of the following information:
(i) The business or trade name and the nine digit Washington state unified business identifier (UBI) number of the licensees that produced and processed the marijuana or marijuana products;
(ii) The lot number of the product (the unique identifier number generated by the board's traceability system). This must be the same number that appears on the transport manifest;
(iii) The label must prominently display the net weight in ounces and grams or volume as applicable, and may not exceed serving and transaction limits as described in WAC 314-55-095;
(iv) Total THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) meaning the concentration of THC and THCA, total CBD (cannabidiol) meaning the concentration of CBDA and CBD, using the formulas referenced in WAC 314-55-102;
(v) Medically and scientifically accurate and reliable information about the health and safety risks posed by marijuana use;
(vi) A list of all ingredients in descending order of predominance by weight or volume as applicable.

Additional Labeling

(8) Optional label information. Optional label information includes the following: Harvest date, "best by" date, and manufactured dates.
(9) Accompanying materials. Accompanying materials must be provided with a marijuana product or made available to the consumer purchasing marijuana products.
A producer or processor must provide the following product-specific information, for as long as the product is for sale, through an internet link, web address, or QR code on the product label as follows:
(a) A statement disclosing all pesticides applied to the marijuana plants and growing medium during production of the ((usable)) useable marijuana or the base marijuana used to create the concentrate or the extract added to infused products;
(b) A list disclosing all of the chemicals, compounds, additives, thickening agents, terpenes, or other substances added to any marijuana concentrate during or after production.
(10) Upon request materials. A consumer may request the name of the certified lab and quality assurance test results for any marijuana or marijuana product. A retailer must provide the information upon request.

*****
Click this link to view the new WSLCB rules WSR-20-01-72
https://lcb.wa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/rules/2019%20Proposed%20Rules/WSR_20-01-172.pdf

Introduction to Cannabis Flower Evaluation - Higher Ground Magazine

I'm pleased to present the first of several videos I'm producing for Higher Ground Magazine in order to help reviewers make better evaluations of better use to other consumers. This video introduces reviewers to some minimal tools and methods for evaluating cannabis flower.

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Olfactory Triggers Stimulate Intense Memories

Have you ever caught a scent in the air that flooded you with vivid memories? We all experience them; specific, usually strong, chemical signals that conjure intense memories. Here’s one of mine.

I opened a package of cannabis a little while ago and I started singing a Waylon Jennings tune to myself, "ladies touch babies like a banker touches gold,..." and smiled as I thought of the rolling hills surrounding my Uncle Tim's house in the Sierras. I remembered one summer in the early eighties when my brother and I went on little drives with him around the mountains of Northern California in his old Chevy pickup.



The transporting smell was Blueberry. But it wasn't Blueberry in its best form. My cannabis was a full year old. I’d been saving it in my humidor for an occasion when I needed a CBN- rich strain to help me sleep. This flower being over a year old would be quite rich in CBN and is indeed great for sleep.

As I opened the package and took a big whiff, the aroma must have matched what I remembered from back then because it took me to the coffee table. Instantly, I was a skinny twelve-year-old boy with bushy brown hair sitting beside my Uncle Tim on the couch, watching Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom as he loaded his bong.

I would describe the smell of my 7 gram zip as definitely headed toward hay. Most of the monoterpenes were gone and the remaining terpenes that I could detect for sure were beta-caryophyllene and humulene. Both are sedative sesquiterpenes.

[IMAGE: Beta-Caryophyllene molecular drawing.]

He was a firefighter and well known in the area. Everywhere we went, everybody seemed to know my uncle Tim. We stopped by the firehouse and he came back with a brown paper bag.

"I got the stuff for my fountain," he said with a devilish grin and stuffed the bag under the seat.

He had told us earlier that the big green glass thing with a 12- inch neck and a bowl he held a flame to was a fountain. Later he would try to tell us that it was a musical instrument and we were supposed to hear a melody in all of the bubbling going through it. I know now that to a true lover of cannabis, there is music in that percolating sound. 

[VIDEO is just the 12-second intro with the Bong Rip audio]

One evening while staying with my Uncle Tim I was introduced to snipe hunting. The whole place was built on the slope of the mountain with flat areas landscaped into the hillside for the house, barn and yard. My brother and I were taken to a place a couple hundred meters ‘up the hill’ at twilight. Down the hill, my aunt and uncle were circling around us to set up Fourth of July fireworks in the large driveway.

We peered into the void, ready with a gunny sack and stick, ‘hunting’ in the dark for what seemed hours, though it must have only been thirty minutes.  In a little while my brother and I stood trembling - both from fear and excitement - back-to-back, ready to defend ourselves from whatever might jump out of the dark at us. Every little sound – a moth, a bird, something scratching at the dry forest floor – was our potential prey. We had no idea what we were going to do with it, but we stood ready to capture the elusive snipe.

When my brother whisper-shouted that he thought he saw one, I got pretty excited. But as we all know it was just his imagination and mine.  Both of us crouched – sacks open, ready to spring, scanning the darkness for the slightest movement – but it was nothing.  We both gasped as we hadn’t realized we had been holding our breath.

“I think it got away,” Dan whispered.

“Just be quiet!” I replied.  Something was definitely coming our way.

Something had been very noisy in its approach, but as it got closer, the faint steps became almost silent. I couldn’t tell if I had heard four feet or two.  My heart felt like it would burst right out of my chest as I struggled to remain still.  Another rustling came closer to me. I struggled to see the creature and caught a barely visible grayness that definitely moved, then stopped right in front of me. I summoned every ounce of courage I could muster to pounce and capture something I couldn’t even see.

I dove onto the creature with my sack to cover and capture it.  I’m certain I’ve never had a greater surge of adrenaline in my life as I discovered the creature was much larger than my sack.  I crashed into its legs with my head and shoulders and was crumpling to the ground thinking I was about to be trampled to death by something huge, when I heard the strangest thing.

“You guys ready?” Uncle Tim’s voice made no sense as it came through the darkness. But in a few seconds I put it all together. “Your Aunt Debbie’s about to light our way.”

Just then, before I could answer, just when my brother and I were giving up all hope that we’d ever catch a snipe, I rolled over and looked up at him as a starburst of red lit up the sky behind him and the fireworks began.  We forgot all about the snipe hunt.

My brother and I only stayed with my Uncle Tim and Aunt Debbie for a week or so, but it was a great week. They showed us around and told us about the nearby plateau they called Tabletop Mountain. Their favorite of the local Legends, Black Bart, was the subject of numerous stories and songs.  Tim would recite and sing, trying to emulate the bourbon-mellowed voice of the legendary Waylon Jennings.  He was pretty good, too! I recall he and Aunt Debbie would put on an 8-track tape and sing along with the music anywhere. “Ladies love outlaws,” they sang on the way to show us the dilapidating ruins of a genuine ‘old west’ hotel where Black Bart was said to have spent his most notorious years.  The two of them, my aunt and uncle both, contributed immeasurably to my love of history and the natural world that summer.

My aunt and uncle gave me one of my first ‘observer’ experiences with cannabis. On the fourth of July they would have been smoking the previous year’s outdoor harvest, poorly stored in plastic bags and heavily laden with seeds. Scent is the most powerful stimulator of memories.  The distinctive aromas of hops and black pepper within the burning herb, both now and then, transported me like a time machine and I was there.

I love this plant.

Thanks for going on the journey with me.

*****

References:
Herz, R. S., Eliassen, J., Beland, S., & Souza, T. (2004). Neuroimaging evidence for the emotional potency of odor-evoked memory. Neuropsychologia, 42(3), 371-378. Toffolo, M. B., Smeets, M. A., & Van Den Hout, M. A. (2012). Proust revisited: odours as triggers of aversive memories. Cognition & emotion, 26(1), 83-92. Herz, R. S. (2004). A naturalistic analysis of autobiographical memories triggered by olfactory visual and auditory stimuli. Chemical Senses, 29(3), 217-224. Ward, P., Davies, B. J., & Kooijman, D. (2007). Olfaction and the retail environment: examining the influence of ambient scent. Service Business, 1(4), 295-316. Haberly, L. B., & Bower, J. M. (1989). Olfactory cortex: model circuit for study of associative memory?. Trends in neurosciences, 12(7), 258-264. Daniels, J. K., & Vermetten, E. (2016). Odor-induced recall of emotional memories in PTSD–review and new paradigm for research. Experimental neurology, 284, 168-180.

Monday, November 11, 2019

Veterans Day remembrance and pride


This Veterans Day I wanted to share a bit of insight about what it is to be a warrior. I'm proud of the fact that I have served my country and became Brothers in Arms with so many.

It may not be the first coining of the phrase, but this passage from over 400 years ago, the St. Crispin's Day speech from Henry V, by William Shakespeare, brings me to tears nearly every time I read it. On one hand, it is a sales pitch from a king trying to arouse patriotism and courage in his few and fearful men. On the other hand, it is a very motivating speech that reaches into the core of a warrior's soul and emphasizes the pride of having been there. I hope you enjoy it.

(From William Shakespeare's Henry V, ca.1600, 4:3:18-64)

WESTMORLAND. O that we now had here
But one ten thousand of those men in England
That do no work to-day!

KING. What's he that wishes so?
My cousin, Westmorland? No, my fair cousin;
If we are mark'd to die, we are enough
To do our country loss; and if to live,
The fewer men, the greater share of honour.
God's will! I pray thee, wish not one man more.
By Jove, I am not covetous for gold,
Nor care I who doth feed upon my cost;
It yearns me not if men my garments wear;
Such outward things dwell not in my desires.
But if it be a sin to covet honour,
I am the most offending soul alive.
No, faith, my coz, wish not a man from England.
God's peace! I would not lose so great an honour
As one man more methinks would share from me
For the best hope I have. O, do not wish one more!
Rather proclaim it, Westmorland, through my host,
That he which hath no stomach to this fight,
Let him depart; his passport shall be made,
And crowns for convoy put into his purse;
We would not die in that man's company
That fears his fellowship to die with us.
This day is call'd the feast of Crispian.
He that outlives this day, and comes safe home,
Will stand a tip-toe when this day is nam'd,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian.
He that shall live this day, and see old age,
Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbours,
And say "To-morrow is Saint Crispian."
Then will he strip his sleeve and show his scars,
And say "These wounds I had on Crispin's day."
Old men forget; yet all shall be forgot,
But he'll remember, with advantages,
What feats he did that day. Then shall our names,
Familiar in his mouth as household words—
Harry the King, Bedford and Exeter,
Warwick and Talbot, Salisbury and Gloucester—
Be in their flowing cups freshly rememb'red.
This story shall the good man teach his son;
And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by,
From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remember├Ęd—
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me
Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,
This day shall gentle his condition;
And gentlemen in England now a-bed
Shall think themselves accurs'd they were not here,
And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks
That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's day.

******
Here, Kenneth Branagh delivers perfection in his 1989 production, while Laurence Olivier is shown below as he stunned his audience in 1944.

Laurence Olivier

More worthwhile links:
Henry V: The Fictionalized King (essay by Sarah Kay Bierle).  https://gazette665.com/2014/11/14/henry-v-the-fictionalized-king/
This, a more formal, yet non-credited article, cites how vastly outnumbered the English were as it examines leadership lessons in the speech.
https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/what-shakespeares-henry-v-tells-us-about-leadership-motivation-wooing-and-hanging/

Friday, November 1, 2019

Vaporize Ground Cannabis for Maximum Efficiency

Pipe and joint smokers enjoy twice the efficiency of water pipes, but vapes are even better.
In the midst of the black market Vape Crisis that has killed and injured numerous Americans, a large number of adults with normal fears - even in a regulated, legal marketplace - are returning to smoking or vaporizing cannabis flowers. Smoking may ease one’s mind, but that joint or bowl of state-regulated cannabis isn't as toxin-free as you might think. Dr. John McPartland believes toxins created by the combustion of cannabis can be considered contaminants. (1)

The Good News
Don't get upset. The good news is that the toxins aren't actually in your cannabis. Regulated cannabis markets protect consumers by requiring inspections and product quality testing of every crop, so you're safe there. It's when you burn and smoke it that the trouble begins.

McPartland believes that smoking potent cannabis is paramount for those who do smoke. In a 2001 journal article he stated, “marijuana smokers have implemented several strategies to decrease exposure to smoke contaminants. The most important strategy is to smoke high-THC cannabis.” (1)

Of the more than 200 thermal degradation products in cannabis smoke (not found in cannabis), several gas phase toxins are removed by smoking through a water pipe. (2) This is welcome news for water pipe lovers as some of those toxins are nasty carcinogens just waiting to cause trouble in your body.

The Bad News
A 1996 Water Pipe Study found that consumers smoking joints and pure pipes inhaled an average thirteen parts tar to inhale one part THC (13:1; 92.8% tar), while water pipes removed so much THC that the ratio averaged twenty-seven to one (27:1; 96.4% tar), tar to THC, with the worst water pipe coming in at a ratio of forty to one (40:1). (3)  Essentially, those choosing to consume with a water pipe ingest an average of twice the flower (and tar) to ingest the same dosage of THC.

The Solution
Dr. Dale Gieringer, Ph.D., the architect of the tar study above, suggests that cannabis consumers should use a vaporizer and get a ratio of only ten units of tar to every one unit of cannabinoid (10:1; 90.9% tar), a clear advantage over combustion. (3) In summary, a consumer ingesting cannabis via vaporization will consume 5.5% less tar and less than half as much flower as they would with a water pipe to achieve a given high. In contrast, the same consumer could ingest the same amount as consumed with the water pipe and propose to get twice as high.  It’s all relative. 

References:
1)  McPartland, J.M., (2001). Contaminants and Adulterants in Herbal Cannabis. In Grotenhermen, F., Russo, E.B. (eds). Cannabis and Cannabinoids. Haworth Press, Binghamton, NY. pp 337-343.

2)  Huber, G.J., First, M.W., Grubner, O. (1991). Marijuana and tobacco gas-phase cytotoxins. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. 40(3):629-636.

3)  Gieringer, D., (1996). Marijuana Research: Water Pipe Study. Bulletin of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies. 6(3):59-66.

Tuesday, October 15, 2019

Flavored Vapor Products Banned in Washington State

The Washington State Board of Health met in early October and took action on America’s vapor crisis as it pertains to Washington consumers and banned the sale of all flavored vapor products. Governor Jay Inslee, days before, issued Executive Order 19-03; Addressing the Vaping Use Public Health Crisis in response to numerous cases of lung injury and deaths across the country, including several cases in the state of Washington.

The Order defines a characterizing flavor as a “distinguishable taste or aroma, or both, other than the taste or aroma of tobacco or marijuana or a taste or aroma derived from compounds or derivatives such as terpenes or terpenoids derived directly and solely from marijuana, as defined in RCW 69.50.101(y), or hemp plants that have been grown and tested as required by state law, imparted by a vapor product.” The key part in that first sentence is “other than the taste or aroma of … marijuana or a taste or aroma derived from compounds or derivatives such as terpenes or terpenoids derived directly and solely from marijuana.

Consumers can be happy to know that Washington vapor products won’t contain any additives other than genuine cannabis terpenes and terpenoids. This DOES NOT mean those added terpenes have to be the exact profile of any single strain. Not at all.  Genuine cannabis terpenes are added in precise amounts to extracted oils in order to produce a desired aroma or taste - the sky really is the limit.

Evident in the terpene profile below, whole cannabis flowers are tested to evaluate a crop, but can also be used to identify a strain (shown is Laughing Buddha, as grown by Raven; 2019). Those with the most pleasant and fragrant terpene profiles sell very well, and, it is suspected, are often given branded names that further obscure strain identities.

Shown is the terpene profile of Laughing Buddha, as grown by Raven, 2019. 

On the very basic positive side, this means a talented extractor with a high-quality set of terpenes can take a mixed batch of low-grade flower containing very little oil, perhaps testing around ten percent Total THC (perhaps devoid of scent and therefore rejected from most retailers), and turn it into a golden treasure as recognizably delicious as Dutch Treat, Strawberry Cough or any number of combinations.

Before declaring a negative side, one should ask if this artificial creation from natural sources is any different than the selective breeding that created the strain and its distinctive terpene profile? Is a breeder selecting a chosen scent any more noble than a terpene scientist adding microliters of selected terpenes to a volume of oil to duplicate that scent?

The commercial realm of perfume has no stigma against the artificial or natural. The terpenes in your cannabis vapor product will be only those derived from wholesome cannabis plants.  Ambergris however, one of the world’s rarest components of perfumes, is extremely rare because it is found only in the bowels of whales.

We like things that smell pleasant, right?  If one thinks a certain way, ambergris can be considered something other than whale uh… excrement, but is it? All we seem to care about is that it is safe, and that it does what we want it to do - impart an attractive scent.

Whether natural cannabis terpenes are already present in whole flower or re-introduced post-extraction to an oil, they have been evaluated as safe by the Food and Drug Administration to enhance the flavor and aroma of cannabis products. Terpenes create the taste and aroma of cannabis - and they simply belong.

In coming reports Seattle Bliss editor, Jeff Cole will attempt to demonstrate how flavors are preserved, enhanced or re-created in cannabis oils available to Washington consumers. Be sure to subscribe at SeattleBliss.com.

Monday, September 23, 2019

Herb Grinder Modified to retain more kief

I read cannabis labels.  I like knowing the relative potency of my cannabis, whether that's in the realm of twenty percent or fifteen percent, and I hate losing anything.  I'd rather keep the kief IN my flower than let it fall through a screen to be saved for later.  With a 4-piece grinder, I just eliminated the section with the screen and got a slimmer grinder that keeps kief and flower together for no loss of potency.

The Seattle Bliss grinder is a free gift for generous subscribers and program guests. Supporting subscriptions are available at SeattleBliss.com on the membership page.