Thursday, March 1, 2018

Laughing Buddha by Quincy Green terpenes characterization

Laughing Buddha
Produced by Quincy Green (Quincy, WA), #quincygreen
Sativa; Jamaican x Thai landraces;

Laughing Buddha (LB) is a “mostly sativa” cannabis strain that has gained popularity among consumers who prefer the more uplifting and energizing sativa strains.  LB is commonly recommended for focus, alertness, clarity, giggly elevated mood, and creativity.   LB was developed by Barney’s Farm from Jamaican and Thai landrace (wild) genetics.  Centuries of Jamaica’s long days, tropical climate and competition for sunlight among other fast-growing plant species surely contributed to LB’s tendency to grow tall.

Laughing Buddha takes more vertical space and 30% more time to harvest than most commercially available strains[1].  It is apparently this hunger for head space, and the fact that it takes about three weeks longer to grow, that urges most growers to choose another strain.  Reduced annual crop production for that space, about a 30% reduction, is the type of sacrifice growers make to stay in demand.

Seattle Bliss tour photo by John Rainwaters, copyright 2017

[Jeff Cole, on a recent tour of the Quincy Green farm, reacts with glee upon noticing the Laughing Buddha being prepared for shipment was headed for one of his favorite neighborhood stores – Hashtag, Fremont. Dutch Treat pictured.]

Aroma and Taste

Quincy Green's Laughing Buddha owes its signature aroma to terpinolene[2], ocimene, myrcene, β-caryophyllene, limonene and pinene.  The graph in the video is the result of repeated crop sampling from the same LB clone.[3]  The grower in this case is seizing the opportunity to examine their LB clone’s average cannabinoid/terpenoid profile by ordering a terpene assay along with their state-mandated tests.  Once a statistically accurate profile exists, usually at fifteen duplicate assays over time (1), the crop can be certified for chemotype.

Terpinolene is the most prevalent monoterpenoid in LB.  Terpinolene research is currently centered on conifer sap and livestock feeding.  However, as it is the dominant terpene in many uplifting cannabis strains popularly classified as a sativas, further study is eagerly anticipated. The scent of terpinolene is often expressed as “fresh” or “clean”, like a deodorant.  It has no anti-feeding effect on grazing animals (2), which means the animals aren’t disgusted (eating discouraged) by terpinolene.

Myrcene is a very common monoterpenoid in cannabis. Its metabolic activities include analgesic, anti-inflammatory, sedation, muscle relaxing, and inhibiting cancer cell formation. It blocks inflammation via PGE-2 (3) and inhibits cancer formation by aflatoxin in liver cells (4).  Pain intervention from myrcene can be blocked by naloxone, but most individuals will not encounter this situation[4]. Myrcene’s sedating properties have long been evidenced by German hops preparations for sleep (5). It is believed that this prominent sedative terpenoid may be responsible for the “couch-lock” phenomenon many recreational consumers either rave or complain about (6).

β-Caryophyllene is one of the most common sesquiterpenoids found in cannabis (7; 8). As it is a large (heavy) molecule and is prevalent in many cannabis drug strains, caryophyllene is often more prevalent in aged cannabis.  This is purely due to caryophyllene’s massive size (among terpenoids), which causes it to remain in the glandular trichome heads long after the more volatile, more pleasant-smelling monoterpenoids have evaporated away (7; 8).  Commonly found in black pepper (Piper nigrum), many consumers can detect and recognize the presence of caryophyllene in cannabis by its familiar odor. Caryophyllene is cytoprotective to gastric cells (9), has demonstrated as a full agonist to CB2 receptors (10), and produces anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity at a low dose of 5 mg/kg in mice (10).

Exceptional Value

Laughing Buddha by Quincy Green is an exceptional value at $42 for a 3.5g jar ($12/g) [November 2017].  Lab tests indicate that this crop tested at 15.6% THC, which is exactly where it should be.  The grower doesn’t order a terpene assay for every batch, but does so from time to time as a quality control measure.  [See the video: top of this page.]  Buds are beautifully trimmed, cured to perfection, and only the live flower could be more fragrant.

Works Cited

1. Identification of terpenoid chemotypes among high (-)-trans-Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-producing Cannabis sativa L. cultivars. Fischedick, Justin T. 1, Union City, CA : Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., March 29, 2017, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, Vol. 2, pp. 34-47.
2. Effects of gamma-terpinene, terpinolene, alpha-copaene, and alpha-terpinene on consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep. Estell, R. E., Fredrickson, E. L., Anderson, D. M., & Remmenga, M. D. 8, 2005, Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 83, pp. 1967-1971. Full article pdf published at USDA (URL below).
3. Myrcene mimics the peripheral analgesic activity of lemongrass tea. Lorenzetti BB, Souza GE, Sarti SJ, Santos Filho D, Ferreira SH. 1991, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol. 34, pp. 43-48.
4. In vitro inhibition of CYP2B1 monooxygenase by β-myrcene and other monoterpenoid compounds. De-Oliveira, A. C., Ribeiro-Pinto, L. F., & Paumgartten, F. J. 1, 1997, Toxicology Letters, Vol. 92, pp. 39-46. View at the UW library..
5. Wichtl, Max, [ed.]. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. 3rd. Stuttgart, Boca Raton : Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 2004. Accessed at University of Washington Medical Library (too expensive to buy).
6. Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. Russo, Ethan B. 7, 2011, British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 163, pp. 1344-1364.
7. Essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. strains. Mediavilla, V and Steinemann, S. 1997, Journal of the International Hemp Association, Vol. 4, pp. 80-82. Compared mostly fiber type, found most pleasant smelling strains high in monoterpenoids, bad smelling strains high in sesquiterpenes, but did not support Russo's ref/claim that beta-caryophyllene is the most common sesquiterpenoid..
8. The volatile oil composition of fresh and air-dried buds of Cannabis sativa. Ross, S. A., & ElSohly, M. A. 1, 1996, Journal of Natural Products, Vol. 59, pp. 49-51. Article established that terpen profiles in cannabis essential oils remain qualitatively unchanged over time, though cannabinoids degrade..
9. Gastric cytoprotection of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory sesquiterpene, β-caryophyllene. Tambe, Y., Tsujiuchi, H., Honda, G., Ikeshiro, Y., & Tanaka, S. 05, 1996, Planta Medica, Vol. 62, pp. 469-470. Full article accessed online at UW HSC library..
10. Antiinflammatory cannabinoids in diet–towards a better understanding of CB2 receptor action? Towards a better understanding of CB2 receptor action? Gertsch, J. 1, 2008, Communicative & integrative biology, Vol. 1, pp. 26-28. Caryophyllene is a full agonist at CB2 in vitro; perhaps also in vivo, but likely a partial agonist..

[1]  LB requires about 90 days in flower, compared to Gorilla Glue, which finishes in about 63 days.
[2] Terpinolene is also known as δ-terpinene (delta-terpinene) and identified as such by some labs.
[3] Laughing Buddha clone grown by Washington licensed I-502 Producer Quincy Green.  All “LB” references in this report refer to clones from this genetically unique individual. 
[4] Naloxone is administered by injection as a life-saving measure in the event of an opioid overdose.

Thursday, February 22, 2018

WiFi OG by Cascade 180215

Blue Dream tried first

I discovered a great bargain last week. Well actually I discovered it a couple of months ago, when I was out of my favorite Blue Dream and needed to buy some bargain Blue Dream. My budtender at Greenworks, Nozer, recommended Cascade because it was 4 grams for $26. He said it was kind of dry but it was good.

I bought the 4 gram pack, followed by several more since then, and recently bought a 28 gram zip. I don't usually buy the large bags because I just prefer the smaller ones. The bag only keeps it fresh for so long and once it's opened, forget it. The flowers are going to dry out really fast then.

Because experience has taught me that it's going to dry out quickly, as soon as I opened the bag I transferred these beautiful boulders into half pint jars. I also added a Boveda moisture pack, but I'll tell you more about that later (see video below).

I've really been enjoying this blue dream as it's potent enough and it's fragrant enough, but the real bonus is that it's a super value! The 28g bag was $120, and I got a veteran's discount on top of that.

The flavor of this one is just slightly berry, and it's not as fruity as some. It is delicious  and effective. I have to say that this is a fantastic value, grown outdoors in the Methow Valley - a super value at Greenworks.


Bonus!  The video above features Cascade's Wi-Fi OG.  Perhaps a fitting subtitle would be: "Bargain Bud Gets Sweeter With Proper Storage."

Friday, February 9, 2018

Powder Hound by Lazy Bee Gardens cannabis flower review

Sweet Peppermint is what I'd call the flavor of Powder Hound.
The written review will be posted here soon.

NON-SPONSORED REVIEWS:  Lazy Bee Gardens provided analytical data, which made this review and characterization possible, but provided no financial support.  Businesses may subscribe, but may not directly advertise with Seattle Bliss.

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Cannacon Kicks It a Fourth Consecutive Year in Seattle

By Jeff Cole

Smith Cove’s Pier 91 event center will host over three-hundred businesses gathered here in the Emerald City to connect with suppliers, colleagues and enthusiastic consumers. Cannacon presents a broad collection of Seminars featuring expert speakers on topics from growing to marketing.

The trade show attracts exhibitors from around the world; there will be symposia, budtender certification classes, networking events, live glassblowing, cooking shows, and more! But remember; this is a non-smoking and non-consuming event dedicated to business development, so there is no designated area to consume. Furthermore, Washington pot laws require cannabis products to be sold in licensed retail locations only, and giveaways are not permitted either, so the crowd at Cannacon stays pretty sober.

But Cannacon isn’t all business. Doors open at 9:45 a.m. with seminars starting at 10:00 and live press conferences scheduled for 4:20 each day on Facebook. Exhibitors and VIPs will get a chance to take a cannabis-infused tour of Seattle after-hours with one of the event’s sponsors, the Canna-bus. (Click here to learn about Seattle Bliss cannabis-friendly tours)

Seminar topics include Horticulture, Business and Law, with renowned speakers addressing important issues within each discipline. There’s even a gathering of great minds scheduled just before the close of events Saturday with the publisher of Northwest Leaf and several others speaking about their experience as media in the cannabis-legal northwest.

For seminar schedules, exhibitor listings or tickets, go to the event website at

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Alternative Facts Hearken Back to Nineteen Eighty-Four

By Jeff Cole

Of course Nineteen Eighty-Four has recently topped the Amazon best-seller list[1].  The new President’s list of Executive Orders issued in the opening weekend of his term begs an Orwellian comparison.  Nearly every Order places a noble protection in peril – health care, the environment, global trade – or hearkens back to pre-war, isolationist America’s tariffs and resulting abysmal exports.  The introduction of “alternative facts” to our vernacular, thereby hearkening of Orwell’s “newspeak” and sure to gain Merriam-Webster’s attention, adds yet another mysterious wet spot to the bed we all have to lie in for the next four years.

At the end of World War II, basically from 1945 to 1948, author George Orwell witnessed political forces at work to produce self-affirming newspaper articles and editorials across Europe, with shiny new History books on the horizon to educate the next generation.  He records several real events from personal experience in his book, In Front of Your Nose, in which a news report didn’t match his eye-witness account; or another political author had written a too-forgiving account because of that paper’s affiliations; or a group of government employees altering their service based on the behaviors witnessed in, or allowed by, their political leaders[2].

Perhaps the goal is to make us weary of fact-checking – to just accept the lies as truth.  One can summarize from In Front of Your Nose, that Orwell would define the role of a journalist as a noble responsibility mistakenly bestowed upon any fool in control of the English language.  Today’s political spin doctors rely on a gullible public to whom they feed a regular diet of “alternate facts” and a consistent stream of straight-faced falsehoods, in order that that gullible public will believe everything their elected leaders say.

In Nineteen Eighty-Four, Winston, the central character, works a job that requires him to re-write history by altering the texts of news articles from the past.  Today’s journalists seeking to inform the public will need an extra measure of not only courage, but tenacity over the next four years to continue to debunk the gushing deluge of falsehoods so proudly delivered by the President and those surrounding him as “alternative facts”.

For any American who still hasn’t read Orwell’s opus and swan song, Nineteen Eighty-Four, the time has indeed come.

[2] “Freedom of the Park”, essay by George Orwell, London Tribune, December 7, 1945.

Monday, December 19, 2016

Cannabis Packaging Should Be More Earth-Friendly

Article by Draeko

Having danced and partied in the woods with hippies, having meditated with yogis or having engaged in deep conversations with those “average folk” who fall in between, it has been my takeaway that the cannabis movement has always, in essence, been about appreciation for life and living, for the planet. Yes. After partaking, people do find some increase in their communal spirits. It has been my experience that they also tend to become acutely sensitive to their local and global environment.

For approximately two years now, cannabis has been legal in Washington State and Colorado. Both industries are now thriving respectively with considerable profit margins. As I, among the millions of liberated partakers, walked into my first store, purchased my first pre-roll (they used to call them joints when I was growing up), I was in awe of the very creative names, and the amount of product. Everything was neatly in place, organized, and pharmaceutically clean, a virtual assembly line of energetic or relaxed connections. I didn’t notice it until I’d gotten home, opened the pre-roll, enjoyed my tote, and went to toss its container.

It didn’t go into the recycle bin. It didn’t go into the food waste bin. This meant that the container went into the garbage bin. This meant a land-fill somewhere. Right? On my next few trips back to the store, I noticed that every container I could make out was petroleum-based. Where was the earth-friendly packaging? Wasn’t one of the primary arguments for again legalizing industrial hemp and recreational marijuana (different cannabis strains) in the US its ecological benefits? Where was that “connection to Gaia”? As the dreadlocked budtender sold me my doobie, I couldn’t help but wonder: Now how did this happen?

Many months later at Vela (a blog which has often featured speakers and other events), I sat and listened as Liquor and Cannabis Board Director, Rick Garza explained Marijuana Legalization, Implementing I-502 in Washington State. As explained, it became apparent the many reasons why there were some controversial decisions to make legalization possible, an article within itself. My question to Mr. Garza, however, involved whether there was some measure to make the wrappings into more eco-friendly materials. Apparently, there was so much going into ensuring the Feds that wrappings weren’t enticing to minors that the environmental aspect was reluctantly kept from the process. Basically, it was really just a case of walking on eggshells (eagle eggs) to get that still-tentative Federal approval.So now I know the ‘Why’. What I’d like to know now is the ‘When’. When I asked Mr. Garza, he returned with, “What do you see?” In retrospect, I would have liked to have responded with a hemp solution as a biodegradable possibility, using the product to contain the product.

Perhaps, now that Washington and Colorado have proven the packaging secure, it is time to work on securing the future of the planet's ecology, and stop contributing to the Great Garbage Belt.

That would certainly improve the common high.

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

420 (Cannabis) and Deep House

Article by Draeko

Billowing upwards, expanding outward from the cracks between the floorboards, wafting ghost-like from its restricted and confidential confines, the 420 culture is now being allowed its due from the sidelines of the illegal fringe. And that’s a good thing. For a good many of us old enough, the Deep House scene in general, that 420 ethos has always been there. In the heartbeat behind the rhythms to which we bobbed our heads, patted our feet, or shook our hips, 420 kept Deep House relevant. It was that unifying moment on every clock, when we knew, either firsthand or from a high probability rate that somewhere, someone was sparking it up. If it was 420 after hours, most likely it was us.

Through that blue haze hovering above at our private parties and discreetly-planned events, the aroma of the fog like some mind-calming mist on the moors, we danced happily and forbidden, baring our souls to its influence. Even so, it was a secret life a second identity. Now, however, the light has come. The dawn of a new day is shining through that morning dew on the grass. The Deep House scene now has some real relevance, both to the old and new school alike.

It has been astoundingly good. Never before have the beats at the Re-bar on a Sunday night, or the Contour during its afterhours, ever sounded so unabashedly, so unashamedly good. With recreational cannabis having become legal, Deep House DJs, the ones I’ve personally spoken with, now feel that their soulful output resonates stronger to an even more receptive audience. Without that paranoia factor of being busted for possession and/or usage, there is an even more renewed focus to simply groove and vibe. By default, the 420 culture and Deep House genre already constitutes a marriage made in heaven. Now, the vibe is government-sanctioned.

As a DJ myself, (Draeko Set) one always adamantly involved in his technique and the theatrical presentation of my sets, I can say (albeit anecdotally) that the mixing style, the chord matching, the beat-matching, all of them, became even sultrier, the phrasing richer in my productions. I not only began really experiencing what I was feeling behind those decks, but I began sensing, without even having to look at them, the vibe of the dancers. There are a few DJs I’ve spoken with, over the past two years, who have mentioned the same feelings.

I am in the process of relocating to California (another state that has just gone legal with recreational 420), I will seek out the Deep House scene there, examining it alongside the Seattle experience.
I suspect the DJs there will tell me the same thing the DJs here have told me. 420 has opened them up. They’re playing better, feeling the crowd more, and laying down some profoundly relevant tracks. It is my goal, once I’ve settled into my new digs, to bring their experience to you. 

Until then, partake, enjoy. And by all means… please inhale.